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INCORPORATION OF HONG KONG COMPANY

Hong Kong is one of the world's reliable financial centers. The advantages of no exchange control, British legal system and efficient transportation and communication networks make the incorporation in Hong Kong attractive for international traders. Hong Kong is ranked the freest economy in the world.

 Advantages of incorporation in Hong Kong
- British legal system
- English and Chinese as official languages
- No tax on income earned outside Hong Kong
- Very stable social/political environment
- Excellent relationship with China
- No restrictions on doing business outside of Hong Kong
- No exchange of information between Hong Kong and other countries
- International financial and transportation hub

 Setup requirements
- Minimum one shareholder
- Minimum one director
- Director and shareholder can be the same person
- No restriction on nationality or residency of either shareholders or directors
- Minimum share capital is HK$1
- Registered address in Hong Kong
- One Company Secretary (Hong Kong resident or Hong Kong limited company)
- Company name should be only English, only Chinese or English plus Chinese

 The Hong Kong Company package includes
- Government filing fees
- Certificate of Incorporation (C.I)
- Business Registration Certificate (B.R.C)
- Memorandum and Articles of Association (M&A)
- Minutes of the first meeting of the founders
- Local Company Secretary
- Registered office in Hong Kong
- Company bank account opening (HSBC Hong Kong)
- International express delivery of Green Box and official documents by Fedex

 INCORPORATION OF CHINA COMPANY
 Representative Office (R.O) in China

We can assist with the structuring of China Representative Office (R.O), which are the most common form of international investment into China today.

Representative Offices based in China are relatively inexpensive to establish, and do not require capitalization. Typically, they are used for China market research activities, to assess the scope and depth of the domestic market when considering a future investment, or for liaison activities between China-based buyers of the services or products sold by your international business. China Representative offices cannot invoice directly however, meaning the payment terms must be arranged directly between the international businesses parent company overseas, and the China-based purchaser.

 Wholly Owned Foreign Enterprise (WOFE) in China

A Wholly Foreign Owned Enterprise (WFOE) is a Company with Limited Liability that is completely owned by the foreign investor. WFOEs were originally designed by the Chinese government for encouraged manufacturing activities that were either export orientated or introduced advanced technology. However with China's entry into the WTO these conditions are gradually being abolished. Now WFOEs are increasingly being used by service providers such as a variety of consulting and management services, software developers and trading companies as well.

In China, the following are common forms of incorporation:

Overseas Investments:
Equity Joint Venture (EJY)

The foreign investors will have a holding of at least 25% in the Chinese company.
The registered share capital must cover a specific percentage of the total investment in the company. This percentage varies between 33% (an investment of over $ 36 million) and 70% (an investment of under $ 3 million).

A Joint Cooperative Venture (CJV)

A Joint Cooperative Venture is usually set up for a specific project or partnership for a period of time that is defined in advance.

Wholly Foreign Owned Venture (WFO)

There are no minimum or maximum limits regarding the amount of the foreign investment.
In recent years over 65% of foreign investments in China have been in the form of a WFO, mainly because of the absence of a minimum investment requirement.
Chinese Holding Company (CHC)

This is intended for a company that is interested in consolidating a number of investments in China to one body.
There are legal requirements in China regarding the credit rating of a foreign investment in a CHC. The total value of the investor's assets and his investments in a company in China must be in excess of the legally defined minimum.


Joint Stock Company

The minimum registered share capital is CNY 30 million. The minimum for a company traded on the Stock Exchange is CNY 50 million.
The foreign investors' share must be at least 25% of the registered capital.

Branch

At present, only foreign companies in the financial and services sector, subject to the restrictions specified in Chinese law, may set up a branch in China.

Representative Office (RO)

A representative office is a type of operation with low financial expenses.
The aim of the RO is the creation of a presence in China and promotion of contacts/supervision/management investigations in China.
The RO may not issue accounts to the Chinese market for sales and services in China.

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